The 5 Level’s of Vehicle Automation

MIT pic

A pioneer in the hedge fund industry who founded Pequot Partners in 1986, Arthur (Art) J. Samberg is the owner of Hawkes Financial, LLC, a family office in New York. Art J. Samberg holds an MBA from Columbia Business School and an SB in Aeronautics and Astronautics from Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), a department that conducts research on cutting-edge topics such as self-driving vehicles.

In 2016, MIT’s Department of Aeronautics and Astronautics published an article about the nature of automated vehicles, outlining the National Highway Transportation Administration’s five levels of automation as follows:

Level zero. In level zero, the driver has complete control of the vehicle, from the steering and brakes to the throttle and motive power.

Level one. Level one refers to function-specific automation, such as electronic stability control or brakes that automatically kick in to assist the driver with braking.

Level two. The second level emphasizes the combined functioning of at least two primary functions in order to free the driver of these functions. A prime example is adaptive cruise control that works in tandem with lane centering.

Level three. In level three, the driver begins to relinquish control of the vehicle’s major safety functions under specific environmental or traffic conditions. The driver must still be available to respond when conditions require driver control.

Level four. In the final level, the vehicle is completely automated and is responsible for all safety functions during all roadway conditions. The driver only has to input navigation data or the final destination and does not have to be available to take over control of the vehicle at any point.


Mount Kilimanjaro – Africa’s Highest Peak

Mount Kilimanjaro pic
Mount Kilimanjaro

Over the course of his career as an investment professional, Arthur “Art” Samberg has led several successful firms, including Pequot Capital Management in Westport, Connecticut. He currently oversees his family office, Hawkes Financial, LLC. Beyond his professional accomplishments, Art J. Samberg is proud to have summited Mount Kilimanjaro in 2000.

Reaching over 19,000 feet above sea level, Mount Kilimanjaro owns the distinction of being the highest peak in Africa and the tallest freestanding mountain in the world. Kilimanjaro comprises three volcanic cones named Shira, Mawenzi, and Kibo. While Shira and Mawenzi are both extinct, Kibo is a dormant active volcano. Climbers trekking across Kibo will still encounter a strong sulfur smell emanating from the inner cone.

In 1889, Hans Meyer and Ludwig Purtscheller became the first climbers to summit Mount Kilimanjaro. Nearly 130 years after the men conquered the mountain, Kilimanjaro remains one of the world’s most popular climbing destinations. Each year, over 25,000 climbers visit the mountain, but only a fraction is able to reach the summit.

Even those who do not reach the summit, however, are able to enjoy a unique beauty that only Kilimanjaro can offer. The Tanzanian mountain features everything from desert and savannah ecosystems to glaciers and snowfields. Mount Kilimanjaro is also home to diverse wildlife, including over 140 mammal species.

The Effects of the PeerForward Program

Art Samberg
Art Samberg

A Stanford University graduate and hedge fund innovator, Arthur “Art” Samberg currently functions as the owner of Hawkes Financial, LLC, a family office. Beyond his work, Art J. Samberg supports the PeerForward program and received the Lifetime Peer Leader honor during the organization’s 2016 gala event.

PeerForward provides students, particularly those from low-income backgrounds, with a support network of teachers and peers with the aim of ensuring more people attend college. The organization notes that less than 10 percent of low-income students receive full college educations, despite estimates that 65 percent of jobs will require a college education by 2020.

Since its inception, PeerForward has worked with over 500 schools to boost the numbers of low-income students applying to college, achieving an 85 percent application rate during 2015 in the schools it operates in. Overall, PeerForward has increased college application numbers by over 20 percent across its partner schools, in addition to achieving a 64 percent submission rate for federal student aid to help low-income students.

The Arthur J. Samberg Institute for Teaching Excellence

Arthur J. Samberg Institute for Teaching Excellence pic
Arthur J. Samberg Institute for Teaching Excellence

A graduate of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Stanford University, and Columbia Business School, Art Samberg is a hedge fund icon who manages operations at Hawkes Financial, LLC, his family office. Art Samberg also has provided consistent support to Columbia Business School and was honored by alumni and faculty in 2006 for contributing to 20 professorship endowments. Additionally, he contributed a gift of $10 million to Columbia Business School in 2002 via the Samberg Institute to open the Arthur J. Samberg Institute for Teaching Excellence.

The institute’s aim is to promote excellent in teaching throughout the school, offering a range of resources and educational programs for teachers that help them develop their skills, introduce innovative techniques into their lessons, and integrate their teaching styles with their curricula. Development workshops are led by professional consultants and other faculty members, who also provide individual coaching and feedback to help teachers in regards to skills development and course content.

Between 2012 and 2013, the institute adopted the Canvas Learning Management System, which the Samberg Institute helped to roll out.